Oral Pathology – Biopsy

The inside of the mouth is normally lined with a special type of skin (mucosa) that is smooth and coral pink in color. Any alteration in this appearance could be a warning sign for a pathological process. The most serious of these is oral cancer. The following can be signs at the beginning of a pathological process or cancerous growth:

  • Reddish patches (erythroplasia) or whitish patches (leukoplakia) in the mouth
  • A sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily
  • A lump or thickening on the skin lining the inside of the mouth
  • Chronic sore throat or hoarseness and/or difficulty in chewing or swallowing

These changes can be detected on the lips, cheeks, palate, and gum tissue around the teeth, tongue, face, and/or neck. Pain does not always occur with pathology, and curiously, is not often associated with oral cancer. However, any patient with facial and/or oral pain without an obvious cause or reason may also be at risk for oral cancer.

Biopsy is the process where a piece of the abnormal looking tissue is removed and taken to another doctor for review under a microscope. A definitive diagnosis can be made and recommendations are based on this diagnosis. Without the use of a biopsy, an exact diagnosis is not possible. Most, but unfortunately not all, biopsies result in an outcome that provides peace of mind. No doctor can provide a diagnosis with any certainty without a biopsy. Dr. Robinson has the training and experience to perform biopsies in soft tissue of the mouth and suspicious lesions within the jawbones.

We would recommend performing an oral cancer self-examination monthly. Remember that your mouth is one of your body’s most important warning systems. Do not ignore suspicious lumps or sores. Please contact us so we can assist you with any questions or concerns.